Rotator Cuff Tear
The rotator cuff tendons are key to the healthy functioning of the shoulder. They are subject to a lot of wear and tear, or degeneration, as we use our arms. Tearing of the rotator cuff tendons is an especially painful injury. A torn rotator cuff creates a very weak shoulder. Most of the time, individuals with torn rotator cuffs are in late middle age. But rotator cuffs tears can happen at any age.
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A shoulder dislocation occurs when there is an injury to the joint between the humerus and scapula.
The joint between the humerus and scapula is a ball-and-socket joint--the ball is on the top of the humerus, and this fits into a socket of the shoulder blade. This joint is incredible because it allows us to move our shoulder though an amazing arc of motion--no joint in the body allows more motion than this joint. Unfortunately, by allowing this wide range of motion, the shoulder.
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Shoulder instability means that the shoulder joint is too loose and is able to slide around too much in the socket. In some cases, the unstable shoulder actually slips out of the socket. If the shoulder slips completely out of the socket, it has become dislocated. If not treated, instability can lead to arthritis of the shoulder joint.
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Some joints in the body are more likely to develop problems from normal wear and tear. Degeneration causes the cartilage that cushions the joint to wear out. This type of arthritis is called osteoarthritis. The acromioclavicular (AC) joint in the shoulder is a common spot for osteoarthritis to develop in middle age. Degeneration of the AC joint can be painful and can cause difficulty using the shoulder for everyday activities.
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